firewood species chart


This is the third edition of this site containing nearly twice as many species, higher resolution imagery and more in-depth descriptions of each species. 3.

Among them, we can mention black walnut, redwood, cedarwood, white oak, black cherry, and cypress wood. Also note that weve not yet included all the woods from the last chart listed; those will be inserted below soon.

Firewood BTU charts don't agree. Start with this user-friendly guide to identifying types of firewood. It is very important to properly season firewood before using it. Not all species are listed or available. Okay, now that we've determined the difference between seasoned vs unseasoned firewood and the difference between a full cord vs a face cord, let's look at the amount of BTUs generated from a specific firewood type. The Return of the American Chestnut; How Will the New Trucking Regulations Affect Hardwood Lumber?

A wood product's weight is determined by combining the density of the basic wood structure with the material's moisture content. Honduras rosewood (Dalbergia stevensonii) has a lighter color than Brazilian and is the most commonly available species Wood has close to the same BTU per dry pound regardless of species. The five types of maple commonly used for firewood are: Boxelder Bigleaf Maple Silver Maple Black Maple Red Maple Silver maples the most abundant of these, but all of them make great firewood for warming up your home or for use in a wood-burning stove. Wood species guide Hardwoodsand some softwodscontinue to be one of the prime components in furniture, cabinet, and woodwork manufacturing. Firewood Guide. Both traces of smoke and ash are minimal, making it an ideal solution.

Using a powerful press and a steel ball with a diameter of .444", technicians measure the force required to sink half the ball diameter into the face grain of a wood sample. Black walnut trees commonly reach heights of 100' or more with 3'-diameter trunks, yielding copious amounts of consistent, straight graina lumberman's dream. For firewood, use dry hardwood such as oak, cherry, hickory, maple. wwf You may notice that as the dry weight per cord increases, so does the BTU rating. Wood Species Chart All samples shown are for reference purpose only. BTU Of Firewood Chart. Heat Content Million BTUs per Cord. Species.

Wood Species Chart All samples shown are for reference purpose only. Please order samples if you are unsure. Wood Species. Well, the kind that youll need to look at is a woods end grain. Janka hardness of a given wood species is defined by a resistance to indentation test as measured by the load (pounds of pressure) required to embed a 11.28mm or 0.444 diameter ball to one-half its diameter into the wood.

Firewood heat value in Millions of Btu's per cord of wood for trees found in North America. However there appears to be new reason and that is to avoid heavy fines and the involvement in your life of local council officers. As a resource, American Hardwoods are abundant, renewing and sustainable, and an excellent choice for eco-effective design and building.

The Return of the American Chestnut; How Will the New Trucking Regulations Affect Hardwood Lumber?

The chart is based on that one cord of wood contains 85 cubic feet of solid wood. Species of Wood -- Table of Relative Wood Densities Group I Ash, Commercial White 0.62 Beech 0.68 Birch, Sweet & Yellow 0.66 Hickory & Pecan 0.75 Maple, Black & Sugar 0.66 Oak, Red & White 0.67 Group II Douglas Fir-Larch 0.51 Southern Pine 0.55 Sweetgum & Tupelo 0.54 Virginia Pine-Pond Pine 0.54 One pound of dried wood produces 8084 Btu's. Most notable was Brazilian rosewood (Dalbergia nigra), a species that now is quite scarce and extremely expensive. HARDWOODS Ash (Fraxinus) Range Of the 65 species of In order to identify wood by grain youll need to get your hands on a sample, so saw a bit off and sand it down with progressively finer sandpaper. As various species of woods are present, finding the best one that meets all the requirements is a complicated task.

It burns slow, has a great heat output, produces very little smoke, and produces a pleasant aroma when burned. homesteading

One BTU is the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of one pound of water one degree Fahrenheit. Species Guide Exotic Wood Zone has almost 30 different species from United States of America and Species all around the world. Find Common Species Info, Frequently Asked Question, Featured Articles Please refer to our Pricelist for a more up-to-date list of what we currently have in stock. Table of Contents hide. Bottle, K. R.: Wood in Australia, 2005 McGraw-Hill Australia 2) AS 5604-2005 Timbernatural durability ratings (Standards Australia 2005) Species Name Weight(lbs./Cord) MBTU/Cord Months to Dry; Osage Orange (Hedge) Maclura pomifera: 4,845: 30.0: 12: Oak, Gamble: Quercus gambelii: 3,818: 28.0: 36: Olive: Olea europaea: 4,205: 26.7: 24: Almond: Prunus dulcis: 4,298: 26.7: 24: Hop Hornbeam (Ironwood) Ostrya virginiana: 4,250: 26.4: 24: Persimmon, American: Diospyros virginiana: WeightPounds Per CordGreen. The chart does however list three different types of pine as burnable.

The more dense a wood is, the more weight and BTU it will have. In order to get the most heat from your firewood, the moisture content should be 20% or less. A: A procedure called the Janka hardness test provides the answers, Dale. Softwoods are less dense and also tend to be more resinous. Because of its density, it burns slower and hotter.

The same wood you used in shop class lends a nice look to country-style furniture. You should know wood species that are naturally highly resistant to decay are usually rare and expensive. Western Softwoods Figures from California Energy Commission But Rating Based on 90 cubic feet of solid wood per 128 cubic foot cord. Wood is made up of air and cellulose (wood fiber).

The chart is based on that one cord of wood contains 85 cubic feet of solid wood. Ideally allow it to dry for about one year before use. When to Use 2 Common Lumber; Ash Lumber and the Emerald Ash Borer Heat value varies based on the type of wood: A cord of wood with high heat value provides the heat equivalent to that produced by burning 200 to 250 gallons of heating oil. Check out the smoking wood chart for yourself below: Smoking Wood Chart from KingofTheCoals.com There are some changes that we would suggest to the chart. It is one of the best measures of the ability of a wood species to withstand denting and wear. Visit our gallery for more photos. Check out the smoking wood chart for yourself below: There are some changes that we would suggest to the chart. Our Wood Species Guide will help you navigate the world through the eyes of the forest and assist you in choosing the best species for your project. Ya..Rocky mountain juniper is usually a very dense hard wood that produces heat superior to split oak..of course they have grouped all species of this type of wood into one name..there are at least 3 or 4 types where I live in nm alone..the yellow scrup cedar we have here is the hardest and heaviest of all of what they call Rocky mountain juniper..then we have scrub red cedar This Guide features 20 of the most abundant and most often used Hardwood species. No two boards are alike. White sapwood that is sharply demarcated from the heartwood. cluded in this publication are a wood identification key for some common Tennessee species, a list of key specie characteristics and a list of companies that sell wood identification sample sets. Sycamore

The types of wood covered in the chart are alder, apple, cherry, hickory, lilac, maple, mesquite, mulberry, oak, orange, peach, pear, pecan, plum, walnut. Before buying the best firewood to burn chart, many factors need to be considered. The industry standard method for determining the hardness of wood products is called the Janka hardness test. Having enough knowledge regarding firewood is very much necessary. Recent Posts. 3. Next, use a magnifier (any unit that provides between eight to 15 times magnification). Accepts stain well; color stable. A cord is an evenly-stacked pile containing 128 cubic feet of wood and air space. Minimal grain, extremely tight color range in highest grades.

Density variations wthin a particular species of approximately 10% should be considered normal.

Apple is highly priced by many people for firewood. Heartwood is golden-orange to brown in color and darkens with age. Our chart is based on the Janka Hardness Scale which is the industry standard for gauging the ability of various wood species to resist denting and tolerate normal wear.

It also indicates the effort required to either nail or saw the particular wood species. Split logs into into pieces about 4 inches on each side. Best firewoods by heat value.

Among them, we can mention black walnut, redwood, cedarwood, white oak, black cherry, and cypress wood.

The list below is sorted by hardness, softest to lightest. The Guide to American Hardwood Species. 1.3) Orange Colored Woods. Read about the well researched species information below.

These ratings were done using the Janka Hardness Test. The article below has all the information that one needs to know before purchasing.

Aspen is a light-colored wood that is easy to paint and stain. Chart shows actual sizes and rough opening measurements for wood, steel, fiberglass and patio doors. Sugar Maple. The most common unit of firewood volume is the cord, also known as a standard or full cord. This is a very interesting idea and can be very exciting for carpentry enthusiasts. The above chart shows the ranking, BTU output, weight, and quality tier of 15 common firewood species.

1) Natural Wood Colors Chart A Few Samples. Other heat values are listed above. Ask yourself these questions: For example, apple wood is a great wood for smoking cheese.

Stack a few pieces of kindling below your hardwoods. 2225. Often, if youre cutting fresh wood, it will contain approximately 50% moisture. Here are two charts showing the weight and available heat content of one cord of firewood of various species, the first sorted by heat value, and the second sorted alphabetically for easy lookup. Buckeye Burl. For optimal image quality, view on a high-resolution monitor. At the end of the article, we have provided a chart of the natural wood color for you.

Its resists humidity very well. Freshly cut firewood or "green" firewood has a moisture content of 50% or more depending on the species. Read about the well researched species information below.

Maximize your fireplaces potential with different types of wood. Chart showing the amount of British Thermal Units (BTU's) contained in various species of wood growing in North America. These firewood BTU charts compare the heat energy ratings and weight of common firewood species. Each species of wood will burn (and dry) differently because each has its own density and moisture content. In this article, you also saw a chart in which common rot-resistant woods are sorted. Find Common Species Info, Frequently Asked Question, Featured Articles White Gum- Also known as wandoo, is a dense and heavier hardwood, and is also a common Eucalyptus firewood variety in Western Australia. Alder, Red Ash, Black Ash, White Aspen, Quaking Basswood, American Beech, American Birch, Yellow/White Buckeye, Yellow Butternut Cherry, Black Chestnut, American Chinkapin, Giant Cucumbertree Elm, American Hackberry Hickory, Shagbark Holly, American Kentucky Coffeetree Locust, Aspen. The following chart describes the BTUs generated from different species of popular firewood.

Popular substitute for oak, walnut or mesquite; delicate grain with lots of character. Wood products are known for their natural beauty, but when selecting a type of wood for your next cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, it is important to also consider the level of durability by understanding the difference between wood types. Jarrah is readily available in the Perth metro area as well as the South West. A number of field-tested traits have been listed to help with identification of these species during the winter months. Species Name Pounds / Cord MBTU / Cord; Osage Orange (Hedge) Maclura pomifera: 4845: 30.0: A cord of wood is defined as a stack 4 feet high, 4 feet deep and 8 feet long, which comes to 128 cubic feet. If we use 80% as the moisture content again (it isn't listed on the Wood Handbook table 4-1), our estimate of live oak's green weight is: Live Oak green = 800 * (1 + 0.8) = 1440 kilograms/m 3, or 90 pounds/ft 3. Some species such as mulberry, hickory, locust firewood, and oak can take more than 2-3 years.

identification characteristics used to key the species in the summer. 1.2) Red-Colored Wood. We strive to provide opinions, articles, discussions and history related to Hearth Products and in a more general sense, energy issues. The higher the BTU level, the more heat the firewood can produce.

For more information on the hardness of each wood species, please refer to the Janka Hardness Scale.

Species with a high resin content can produce slightly higher values @ plus-minus 9000 Btu's. If the wood is unfinished, then look at the texture of the grain. Please order samples if you are unsure. Its basic density is 0.80. Cottonwood. One BTU is the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of one pound of water one degree Fahrenheit. You may notice that as the dry weight per cord increases, so does the BTU rating. Written by Brian Koller in Firewood. (various types) all over the world: Hawaiian Woods (acacia koa and others) Hawaiian Islands (USA) Holly (American) (illex opaca) country: United States: Kingwood, Brazilian (dalbergia cearencis) Brazil: Lacewood (roupala brasiliensis) country: Brazil: Leadwood (combretum schumanni) country: Tanzania: Lignum Vitae (guiacum officinale) country: Central America The chart is a great resource because it shows you there are many types of hardwoods out there that will make good firewood they just are not very prevalent so we do not see them or use them very often for our firewood. No two boards are alike.

As a note, this specific group of 15 was selected because they are among the most common firewood species in the USA.

This site includes descriptions and imagery of nearly 60 species of common, and not-so-common, lumber species found throughout the U.S. and Canada.

The next species we consider here is live oak, Quercus virginiana. 3475. Beige/tan; wide color variation within a plank. While the time it takes for wood to properly season can depend on a lot of factors, most species take about a year to properly season. Active since 1995, Hearth.com is THE place on the internet for free information and advice about wood stoves, pellet stoves and other energy saving equipment.

Types of Wood Wood is incredibly versatile build material, and thousands of variations in its internal structure, species of the tree, and the processing can lead to the different characteristics of the finished products.While many woodworkers are focused on things like tension, weight, durability, and ease of use, others are much more interested to extract from the wood things 2600. Firewood BTU Chart.

When looking for firewood, purchase the heaviest/densest per unit volume. Overall, firewood ratings depend on a lot of different factors.

Here are two charts showing the weight and available heat content of one cord of firewood of various species, the first sorted by heat value, and the second sorted alphabetically for easy lookup. 3. Under ideal conditions, one pound of oven-dried wood has the potential to produce 8600 Btu's.

Selecting the Right Firewood Firewood heat output is measured in British Thermal Units or BTUs. Types of Wood Comparing American Hardwoods, Softwoods and Tropical Hardwoods.

Herfo's have always recommended the use of well seasoned, quality firewood for reasons of economy and convenience. Its advised that you season the wood so that it contains less than 25% moisture before burning it. 41% harder than red oak. This eliminates the chances of a stain or natural aging skewing the color diagnosis of the wood. A simple firewood chart to help you and burn. In general, if wood contains more than 25% moisture, its considered to be wet (also called green) and shouldnt be placed in your fireplace or woodstove. 16.8. Hi! Hardness. Casual or rustic. To get a fire going use just enough softwood for kindling. 1.1) Brown Colored Wood. Conclusion. These are actual photos of each wood species in unfinished form.

The Janka hardness test measures the force required to embed a .444 inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood.

Canada & USA:

Because of the pleasant aroma the wood from the aple tree produces when burned it is often used for smoking meat, and it will give a unique taste to the meat.. Wood from apple trees is not widely available Sauna construction is one of the most specialized usages for Aspen wood. Acacia is a hard type of wood of a very variable color, from yellow-green to golden-brown; It is very well workable, being very foldable and compact.

Buckeye (Yellow) 350. The density of wood, exclusive of water, varies a great deal within and between species. Wood is a product of nature, and as such, no two pieces are alike to start with, while the same wood growing in different locales can vary greatly even though it is the exact same species. Field Guide for the Identification and Use of Common Riparian Woody Plants of the Intermountain West and Pacific Northwest Regions 193 Index Acer Bitter, 148 Observe the wood grain. The best firewood to burn chart is also divided up into hardwoods and softwoods. The texture of this wood can seem or feel fuzzy at times. Aspen (Quaking) 350. For more information on the hardness of each wood species, please refer to the Janka Hardness Scale.

Firewood Characteristics of WNC Tree Species Author: Stephen Weil, Royce's Tree Service, Asheville, NC Common Name Species Name SG (oven-dry) lbs/cord (20% MC) MBTU/cord (20% MC) Ease of Splitting Smoke Sparks Coaling Scent Pear, Bradford Pyrus calleryana 0.68 4330 27.9 Hard Low Low Excellent Fair You should know wood species that are naturally highly resistant to decay are usually rare and expensive.

This will allow you to get a quick at-a-glance view, of the best types of firewood you can burn.

In this article, you also saw a chart in which common rot-resistant woods are sorted. Depending on where you live, hardwoods like ash, oak, maple or beech might not be an option. When to Use 2 Common Firewood BTU Chart.

Acacia is a type of wood with a strong essence, from the broadleaf family and it can reach a diameter of one meter. Under ideal conditions, one pound of oven-dried wood has the potential to produce 8600 Btu's.
Page not found – ISCHIASPA

Page not found

The link you followed may be broken, or the page may have been removed.

Menu